Are you interested in purchasing a Toyota Land Cruiser, Hilux, Fortuner, HiAce or Innova with the 1GD-FTV engine and trying to learn more about the Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D engine problems? If that’s the case, you are in the right place because, in this article, we’ll cover every single one of the problems of this engine in great detail.
Doing your own research before you decide to purchase a car with a specific engine is always a good idea. You just don’t want to end up with a basket case full of concerns that stays more at the shop than you are actually driving the car. This is why we are here to pinpoint the issues for you and help you out.
First, we are going to learn more about the specs of the 1GD-FTV engine, then we shall discuss all the Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D engine problems and also answer some frequently asked questions. So, without further ado, let’s dive in.
Basic Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D Engine Specs
Now, before we elaborate on the problems, let’s learn more about the Toyota 1GD-FTV engine specs and see what kind of performance this engine packs.
This is a very new engine design that was introduced in 2015 and replaced the 3.0 1KD-FTV engine that was used previously. The newer 1GD-FTV, although introduced in 2015, is used predominantly in markets outside the US. Toyota sells diesel models globally but not in the US for some reason. So, you will never find this engine in the US market.
Nevertheless, these are the following specs of this engine.
- Configuration: inline-4
- Displacement: 2.8L
- Cylinder Bore: 92 mm
- Piston Stroke: 103.6 mm
- Block Material: Cast Iron
- Head Material: Aluminum
- Head Design: DOHC, 4 valves per cylinder
- Fuel Injection: Common Rail Direct Injection
- Compression Ratio: 15.6:1
- Turbocharger: Yes
- Horsepower: 175 hp
- Torque: 310 – 332 lb-ft (420 – 450 Nm)
Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D Engine Problems
The Toyota 1GD-FTV engine is troubled by the following problems:
- Bad Fuel Pipes
- Excessive Wear On The Internals
- Dust Goes Past The Air Filter
- Glow Plug Failure
- AdBlue Injector Collapsing
- Clogged DPF
- EGR Cooler Failure
- Problematic New Oil Pump
We learned the common Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D engine problems, now let’s move on and elaborate on each of these problems in detail. Knowing how these problems occur is really important. Since this is how you will learn how serious they are and how easy they are to fix.
Bad Fuel Line/Pipe
One of the most serious Toyota 1GD-FTV problems is the issue with the fuel line. Not that it is very difficult to fix, but rather dangerous since it can cause a fuel leak.
Many Japan-made Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, Toyota HiAce, and Toyota Regius Ace produced between March and June 2019 were recalled for improper tightening torque. The installment was not done properly and fuel started to leak on some vehicles because there was a loose end between the HPFP (high pressure fuel pump) and the common rail fuel delivery system.
Luckily, Toyota has fixed this issue and recalled the models that were affected. They replaced the fuel pipe, as well as the clamp with a new one and torqued everything up to the new spec.
If you’re buying a Toyota with this engine, make sure the car you’re eyeing isn’t affected by this.
Excessive Wear On The Internals
This model also suffers from excessive wear of the engine internals. These components include the camshafts and rockers.
For those who don’t know, these components come into contact with one another while the engine is working.
So, the roller of the rockers and the camshaft lobes tend to wear out pretty fast on some of these engines produced before 2019.
This action often causes rough idle and the ignition of the check engine light. The only solution to this problem is to replace the camshafts and rockers with updated ones produced in 2019 or later.
Models that are affected by this problem are the Fortuner, Hilux, and Land Cruiser. There is a service bulletin issued by Toyota that specifies this problem.
Dust Goes Past The Air Filter
Another problem that annoyed a lot of customers, especially in Australia was the situation when fine dust particles go past the air filter and end up in the intake of the engine causing major issues.
These particles were so fine that it is difficult to be seen with the naked eye unless they are collected in one place.
And the most common place where these particles collect is the MAF sensor. The MAF is the mass airflow sensor that measures the air that is ingested into the engine and helps adjust the air-to-fuel ratio.
Whenever this sensor is obstructed, there will be the check engine light and power loss. The solution to this problem is to take your car to the dealership and let them sort it out.
What you can do as an owner is to manually clean the MAF with compressed air. This also helps if you don’t want to hassle with mechanics.
Glow Plug Failure
Glow plug failures were also noted on the Toyota 1GD-FTV engine. So, what are glow plugs in the first place?
Glow plugs are special components used in diesel vehicles. They create heat and help ignition at cold temperatures. Each cylinder has a glow plug.
What happens with the glow plugs on this engine is that they start to destroy themselves. The recommendation for tackling this problem is glow plug replacement and reprogramming of the ECU.
Also, when doing so, it is recommended that the cylinders be inspected for damage in the process. Affected models are the Fortuner – GUN156 and Hilux – GUN125, GU126, and GUN135.
AdBlue Injector Collapsing
Problems with AdBlue are also common on these engines. So, what is AdBlue and what does it do?
AdBlue is a water-like substance that is injected into the exhaust in order to reduce NOx particles. This fluid is mandatory on newer diesel cars and trucks.
To learn more about AdBlue and Adblue problems, checkout our guide to Adblue system problems.
There is a special injector on the exhaust that is injecting this fluid and this injector is prone to collapsing because of corrosion. For this problem, there was a recall that was issued in 2017.
So, models between 2015 and 2017 are most affected by this issue. The solution is to replace the front exhaust assembly with a new one.
The DPF is also susceptible to clogging on the 1GD-FTV engine. So, what is a DPF and why does it clog up?
Well, a DPF is a diesel particulate filter, this is a special filter that was designed for tackling emissions. Read our guide on clogged DPFs to learn more.
The DPF simply traps the NOx particles and the soot and collects them. Then when the filter is in the process of regeneration, it starts to clean these particles by burning them up.
And in order to regenerate a DPF you need to drive the car on the highway for 30 minutes at 3,000 rpm every once in a while. If you don’t do so, the DPF will clog up.
Read our guide on how to drive and maintain diesel engines to avoid DPF issues.
And this is a common thing on these engines. Many owners are unaware and they simply run the engine like that and end up with this problem. The solution is to manually clean the DPF or replace it completely, something that is very expensive to do.
EGR Cooler Failure
The EGR cooler is also very prone to create internal leakage and starts leaking coolant. This EGR cooler was designed for the exhaust recirculation system and is prone to develop cracks.
Read our guide on EGR cooler failure symptoms to learn more.
When it cracks the car starts to lose coolant and if you don’t notice, this can be detrimental because the engine will overheat.
The solution to this problem is to replace the EGR cooler along the EGR pipe. This will sort out the problem permanently.
Problematic New Oil Pump
For the 2020 model, a new oil pump was installed, and this change came with a problem. Specifically, the check engine light and the code P052477. Indicating low oil pressure.
The solution to this problem is to reprogram the computer and change the threshold for code detection. This can be done at the dealer. Luckily, everything can be sorted by a software update.
Which Models Have The Toyota 1GD-FTV – 2.8D Engine?
Now let’s take a look at which models have the 1GD-FTV engine.
- Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (2015 – Present)
- Toyota Fortuner (2015 – Present)
- Toyota HiAce H200 (2018 – Present)
- Toyota HiAce H300 (2019 – Present)
- Toyota Hilux AN120/AN130 (2015 – Present)
- Toyota Innova AN140 (2016 – Present)
What Are The Toyota 1GD-FTV Engine Problems – 2.8D?
This engine has certain issues, but lucky for us, most of these issues were already patched out by Toyota. The biggest issue with this model is probably the glow plug failure, which can cause a piece of the glow plug to fall into the cylinder and cause damage.
There are also issues with the bad EGR cooler that can fail and cause the engine to lose coolant. Fuel hoses can also leak diesel, and clogged-up DPF is also common. In addition to this, there can be dust particles in the intake that can cause the MAF sensor to malfunction.
And lastly, the camshaft lobes and the rockers can wear out quickly on models that are produced before 2019.
Is The 1GD-FTV Engine Reliable?
Overall, the 1GD-FTV engine is pretty reliable. Not the greatest reliability when it comes to Toyota’s, but also not terrible. The biggest issues are with the wear of the camshaft and rockers on pre-2019 models, glow plug failures, EGR cooler failures, diesel leaking, and dust in the intake.